Secondary Hypertension When a direct cause for high blood pressure can be identified, the condition is described as secondary hypertension. Slow the movement of calcium into the smooth muscle cells of the heart, which makes the heart contract less forcefully and relaxes blood vessels. Blood Pressure Readings Explained. Losing just 10 pounds 4. But drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can lead to lots of health issues, including high blood pressure. Skip the secondary navigation if you do not want to read it as the next section.
Measure Blood Pressure at Home and Work, Too, Task Force Says As many as 30 percent of people diagnosed with high blood pressure may have this effect, and while they may still need medication.
Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into blood vessels, which carry the blood throughout the body.
High blood pressure , also called hypertension , is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis , to stroke, kidney disease, and to heart failure. A blood pressure reading is written like this: It's read as " over The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play a role, including:. This type of high blood pressure is called "essential hypertension.
Though essential hypertension remains somewhat mysterious, it has been linked to certain risk factors. High blood pressure tends to run in families and is more likely to affect men than women.
Age and race also play a role. In the United States, blacks are twice as likely as whites to have high blood pressure, although the gap begins to narrow around age After age 65, black women have the highest incidence of high blood pressure.
Randall Zusman, director of the Division of Hypertension at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital, recommends home blood pressure monitoring to his patients. Taking your blood pressure at home also helps avoid "white-coat syndrome," the nervous surge in blood pressure some people experience during a doctor's visit. Home blood pressure monitoring can help guide your treatment by showing whether your medicines are working or if you need to take a different approach.
A study published in March in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes found that people who monitored their blood pressure at home were more likely to reach their blood pressure goals than those who were monitored only by their doctor. Anyone who has high blood pressure, or is at risk for it, can benefit from home blood pressure monitoring, especially women with diabetes or kidney disease.
You might also want to consider taking your blood pressure at home if your levels tend to fluctuate. Getting an accurate accounting of the variations will help your doctor better treat your blood pressure. Women with symptoms such as dizziness or headaches can also take regular readings "to see if their symptoms correlate to their blood pressure," Dr.
Some conditions can make it harder to take your own blood pressure—particularly if you have an irregular heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation.
If this is uncontrolled, you may not be able to get an accurate reading with a home blood pressure monitor. Even if your arrhythmia is controlled, you may need to take your blood pressure several times in a row for accuracy. Pharmacies and online merchants sell a variety of blood pressure monitors. Ask your health insurance company whether it will cover part or all of the cost. Buy a monitor that goes around your upper arm. Zusman doesn't recommend wrist or finger monitors because they aren't as accurate.
An automatic monitor is easiest to use, because it doesn't require a stethoscope and the cuff inflates by itself. Manual monitors require you to squeeze a bulb to inflate the cuff, which can be hard to do if you have arthritis.
Choose a monitor that meets standards for your age and health conditions according to an organization such as the European Society of Hypertension, dabl Educational Trust, or the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation AAMI. Each organization has posted its list of approved devices on its website. Determine what other features you want in a blood pressure monitor. Some monitors will take an average of your last few readings, record your measurements over time, and send them to your doctor via your smartphone.
Next, make an appointment with your doctor and bring the monitor with you. A nurse or assistant will make sure it is properly calibrated and will teach you how to use it correctly. Return to your doctor's office with your monitor at least once a year for rechecks, Dr.
Also discuss with your doctor how to use your home blood pressure readings to fine-tune your treatment. For most women, Dr.
Apr 10, · Job Stress Jacks Up Blood Pressure. high stress outside work, But the stressed-out workers also had higher blood pressure while at home, including while they were sleeping. Do You Really Have High Blood Pressure? More. Try different times of day, Bauman suggests: “One day when you get up in the morning, one day when you get home from work, another day at work. [3,4] We also found that the correlation between left ventricular mass and blood pressure was closer for the blood pressure measured at work than for blood pressure taken at home or during sleep.
How To Treat High Blood Pressure At Home. By. Heather Hanks. Share Tweet +1 1. Share 9. Pin 4. Shares Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the force of blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels are greater than normal. This causes the heart to work harder to deliver oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. High. Here are 7 home remedies for low blood pressure, since your diet plays a crucial role in maintaining your blood pressure. While you may have heard of hypertension or high blood pressure, suffering from low blood pressure can be as This one's a great home remedy for also people who have diabetes. (Also Read: 7 Best Home Remedies for. The blood pressure chart below shows ranges of high, low and healthy blood pressure readings. Blood pressure chart for adults Using this blood pressure chart: To work out what your blood pressure readings mean, just find your top number (systolic) on the left side of the blood pressure chart and read across, and your bottom number (diastolic.
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